Beginning Of Islam: Islam’s precepts make up the religious framework of all other beliefs in the Muslim faith- for instance, Sunni or Shiite Islam

Hadaanallah.com – In addition, there are several branches within Islam: Arab, Turkish, Iranian, South Asian and Southeast Asian Muslims.

There are also various schools of thought among Sunni Muslims: traditionalist (also called Salafist), reformist (also called modernist), iconoclast (also called gnostic) and mystical (also called Sufism).

The reformist movement started within Sunni Islam around the beginning of this century due to dissatisfaction with traditional Sunni practices such as prayer on a single surface for long periods of time.

Furthermore, there are two main schisms within Shiite Islam: Zaydi and Ismaili.

Zaydis believe that Ali ibn Abi Talib was supreme over Muhammad; Ismali Shiites recognize both Muhammed and his cousin Ali as prophets.- source

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According to the CIA World Factbook, over 1.6 billion people call themselves Muslims.

However, there are over one billion Muslims in the world; therefore, the number of Muslims is greater than the number of people who call themselves Muslims.

Islam is an Arabic word with multiple meanings; it can mean ‘submission,’ ‘peace’ or ‘farewell.’ In addition, Muslims are called Ahmadis, byans and Arabs.

An Arab is a person from Saudi Arabia, where Islam originated.

The original Arabs who lived in Saudi Arabia became Muslim centuries later through the spread of the faith by Muslim traders.

Islam is the second-largest religion in the world and makes up to ninety percent of South Asia’s population.

It is also the fastest growing religion in the world.

The word ‘Islam’ means ‘submission’ and is based on the belief that God (God’s attributes) is one and incomparable.

Followers of Islam are called Muslims, and a Muslim is a person who believes in God and follows the teachings of Islam.

Muslims believe that there has only been one true prophet and that this was Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Khattab, known as Muhammad to his followers.

Muhammad is considered to be the final prophet and wrote several verses of the Quran, which is considered to be the holy scripture of Islam.

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Additionally, he founded what became known as Ramadan-the ninth month in the lunar calendar-which is currently between May and June.

During this month, Muslims fast and pray during the night and again in the morning.

They also give alms to those in need and make a pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, where they stand in prayer during the Hajj.

It’s during this prayer that they profess their belief in God and that He is one- incomparable to all others.

For thousands of years, Islam spread from country to country because Muslim traders brought it with them wherever they went.

Today, almost fourteen hundred years after Muhammad received his first divine revelation from Allah (God’s attributes), many people follow this religion worldwide.

Muslims pray toward Mecca five times each day- at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset and before sleeping at night.

They also give alms to those in need and make a pilgrimage to Mecca known as the Hajj.

Since its conception, Islam has changed many lives.- source

Each year has a name, beginning with the letter `A.’ For example, the first year of the Islamic calendar is `Akhir-hayat, or ‘the end of life.’ Each year is also marked by one or more major religious festivals.

For example, 2014 is the year `1439 in Arabic.’ This means it is the fourteenth year after the hijra, or ‘the flight from persecution,’ where Muhammad and his followers fled from Mecca to Medina.

Each year also has a length; for example, 2015 is fifteen hundred and sixty nine days long.

THE ISLAMIC CALENDAR IS ONE OF THE TWO CALENDARS USED THROUGHOUT THE WORLD WITH MUSLIM POPULATIONS; THE OTHER IS THE GREGORIAN CALENDAR.

On this calendar, there are 12 months in a year, with an intercalated month every three years.

The calendar has several crescent phases, such as the pre-dawn and post-dawn phases.

There are also lunar phases, such as the new moon and full moon phases.

The calendar also has astronomical calculations to determine the dates of religious festivals.

Every first day of every lunar cycle is referred to as Muharram `alah al-taqat ‘ (the intercalation day).

This day serves two purposes- to increase and decrease the number of days in each lunar cycle and to move leap years forward by one month.

Every second year becomes an extra month designated as Muharram ‘ala al-hasat (the leap month).

The Islamic calendar uses astronomical calculations to determine when leap years occur.

To do this, there are several astronomical bodies that need to be in line before a leap year can occur.

These include Earth’s path around the sun, Venus’ orbit around earth, Jupiter’s position in the solar system, Mars’ location on earth and Saturn’s position in the solar system.

If all these astronomical conditions are in place at the same time, then a leap year can occur.

THE MONTH HAS THE SAME NAME AS THE FIRST MONTH OF THE YEAR.

For example, the first month of the Islamic calendar is `Ramadan (al-rasul),’ which means ‘the tribute/subsidy paid.’ The tenth month of each year is named after its corresponding year; for example, 2019 is named `li-ramy al-awwal, or ‘the first spring of the first season.’ This is because this spring will be followed by summer and fall before winter returns again.

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Each lunar cycle has 12 months; a year consists of 12 lunar months and an extra month called Muharram.

This extra month serves no known purpose and is ignored by most astronomers and calendar reformers.

Since astronomy involves scientific knowledge that is not common knowledge among today’s scientists, some astronomical calculations remain unknown or .

This calendar system continues to be revised by Muslim scholars to keep it in accordance with current scientific knowledge.

Since this calendar system relies on astronomical knowledge inaccessible to most Muslims today, they have developed their own mathematical tables they can use to calculate various festival dates.

However, they admit that their tables are approximations at best since their scientific understanding does not yet allow them to know all these details accurately enough to properly calculate these dates themselves.

ISLAM IS THE PREDOMINANT RELIGION IN PAKISTAN AND TAJIKISTAN, BUT IT’S PRACTICED PRIMARILY BY A MINORITY IN EACH OF THOSE COUNTRIES.

Islam also makes up a significant number of the country’s residents.

In India, where Islam first spread, the faith is by far the most popular religion.

The history of Islam in India is closely linked to the political history of that country.

In this section, you’ll learn about the early spread of Islam to India.

You’ll also learn about some of the key figures within the faith and some of its teachings.

The Kabir School of Hinduism inspired many Muslim scholars and theologians.

Kabir was a Hindu mystic who lived around 1200 C.E., during the height of the Ghaur Sahab movement in India.

This movement sought to revive Hinduism by combining it with various other religions- particularly Buddhism- through syncretism.

It’s possible that some of Kabir’s contemporaries were syncretistic Muslims who blended Islamic theology with Kabir’s teachings.

In any case, Kabir is known as the founder of Sant Mat, or ‘True Path,’ which is considered one of the six major Sikh gurus or teachers within the religion.

THE FIRST MUSLIMS TO ENTER INDIA WERE MILITARY AIDES TO THE BYZANTINE AND SASANIAN EMPIRES.

Both empires tried to expand into North Africa and Egypt in their early days; conquering those new territories would have required armies, which they didn’t have.

To fight off invading Muslim armies, Eastern Roman soldiers used to carry a copy of the Koran while they marched into India in 642 C.E.

Initially, Muslims in India were mostly from Syria, but over time more Muslims from Afghanistan and other parts of Central Asia settled there too.

To defend their newly acquired territory, these armies brought with them an ideology that would soon become their religion.

Islam took root in India thanks to the syncretic nature of the faith in the region.

Many Indian religions incorporated elements from different cultures into their beliefs over time.

Hinduism incorporated Buddhism around 1200 C.E., and both religions incorporated elements from pre-Hindu cultures as well- such as those from China, Persia and Greece.

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By comparison, Islam incorporated existing faiths such as Zoroastrianism and Shaivism through syncretism; this is why so many practices within those faiths found their way into mainstream Sunni Islam.

Today there are more than 130 million Muslims living in India; that’s nearly 20 percent of India’s total population according to a census conducted in 2001.

Due to its diverse culture, history and population size, India is one of the largest hubs for Islamic practice today due to its early acceptance of the faith by non-Muslim Indians alike.

The early acceptance of Islam by non-Muslim Indians paved the way for its eventual acceptance by Muslim rulers as well- which led to the foundation of several Muslim dynasties throughout Indian history.

The Attalids were overthrown by a more radical faction led by George I of Candia (modern-day Crete), who assumed power as emperor in 602 under the Arab name ‘AMLIK II.

This was one year after his invasion of Syria and five years before his invasion of Egypt.

Upon seizing Egypt in 641, AMLIK II assumed the title ‘AL-SUNDH-AL-DIN I (King of Successors) and founded the Umayyad dynasty.

Under Umayyad rule, Egypt became a center for furthering Arabic culture and spreading the new religion that would later become Islam.

Mohamed founded Islam in 622 in present-day Mecca, and his followers migrated from there to Medina in present-day eastern Jordan.

Through these events, Arabic became the international language of culture, education, trade and communication with other civilizations for the next 1,000 years.

ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION IS THE NAME GIVEN TO THE AREA OF THE WORLD DOMINATED BY THE RELIGION OF ISLAM AND ITS CULTURE.

Islamic civilization consists of the lands where Islam is practiced as well as the areas ruled by Islamic empires over long periods of time.

Islamic civilization has a rich history and is characterized by tremendous achievements in science, art, religion and architecture.

THE TERM ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION REFERS TO THE PERIOD IN WHICH THE ARABIC LANGUAGE, ARAB CULTURE AND ISLAMIC RELIGION FLOURISHED TOGETHER UNDER THE RULE OF THE ISLAMIC EMPIRE.

The origins of Islamic civilization lie in the 7th century under the Attalids in present-day Greece.

The Attalids, an aristocratic family from Pella, capital city of ancient Macedonia, adopted Roman political ideals and culture at an early stage.

They took control of Macedonia and Greece in the 4th century BC, bringing with them Roman military technology such as Caesar’s siege engines.

This adoption of Roman culture by a member of a formerly Macedonian royal family became a phenomenon later known as Arab/Islamic cultural synthesis.

Muslim rule soon spread to Spain where they established Cordova as their first capital outside Arabia.

A second Muslim conquest took place 500 years later when Christian knights sided with Muslim invaders against their former European masters in the Crusades.

The Crusades later gave way to an internal conflict between Christian Europe and Muslim Asia known as The Inquisition because both sides had no qualms about torturing their own people on suspicion alone.

Ultimately , through this internal strife , European culture began to take root in Greece after Constantinople fell to Mehmed II in 1453; thus completing yet another chapter in this fascinating fusion between ancient civilizations..

As an empire, Islamic civilization reached its zenith under Harun al-Rashid in Baghdad around 900.

Baghdad was considered the most beautiful city of its time; it had nine concentric walls, numerous mosques and mansions for state officials and their families.

The Great Mosque of Baghdad – one of the most magnificent constructions ever – was also under construction at this time and was eventually completed under Abbas I in 762.

Under Abbas I’s rule, artisans created the first Rose Water Fonts ever to crown actual churches with columns bearing intricate rose designs atop golden bases.

These water fonts would later influence Muslim architecture by becoming stone fountains instead.

However , following this creative period was a dark age characterized by political disunity among rulers, economic decline and religious strife among followers of Islam.

Internal squabble led to external conflict; thus began what is known as The Age of Muslim conquests.

The first Muslim conquest took place in 634 when Neccsar besieged Constantinople, modern-day Istanbul, killing many Greeks along the way.

After Neccsar’s death three years later, Muslim armies led by Al-Mahdi conquered Egypt in 642 and sustained that country as an Arab province until around 985 AD.

Although Islamic civilization declined rapidly after Mohammed’s death due to internal strife, it retained cultural significance for 1,000 years due to its origin

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