Is Christianity Universalizing Or Ethnic

Is Christianity Universalizing Or Ethnic – Sect: A sectarian division that unites several local congregations into one legal and governing body: A small group that broke away from an established branch/organization. : A believer or supporter

Generalization vs. Ethnic Religions Often Holy Places Calendar Cosmological Beliefs about the Origin of the World Spread Need to appeal to all = conversion efforts, recruitment linked to the life of the founder Appeals to the same group living together. Environment includes all Pilgrimages = religious journeys to holy places Celebration of founder’s life God creates nature / physical place Origin / actual world, often tied to a particular founder Great seasonal celebration of God = nature includes physical events Ambiguous or unknown origin, specific founder , limited dispersal, usually unrelated to the geography of the area. It can spread by translocation

Is Christianity Universalizing Or Ethnic

Hinduism (3) Chinese “folk” religions Confucianism Daoism Shinto Judaism Ethnic African religions Animism Major Christianity (1) Islam (2) Minor Buddhism Sikhism Baha’i

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There are about 2 billion followers in Europe, the largest number of followers in America are the three main branches of Catholicism (51% of all Christians) Protestant Christianity (24%) Organizations including Lutheran, Baptist, Methodist, Anglican, Presbyterian, Episcopal and so forth. Eastern Orthodox (11%) Other (14%) Coptic (Egypt), Ethiopian, Mormons (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), Jehovah’s Witnesses

There are about 2 billion followers in Europe, the largest number of followers in America are the three main branches of Catholicism (51% of all Christians) Protestant Christianity (24%) Organizations including Lutheran, Baptist, Methodist, Anglican, Presbyterian, Episcopal and so forth. Eastern Orthodox (11%) Others (14%) Coptic (Egypt), Ethiopian, Mormons (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints), Jehovah’s Witnesses The distribution of the branches depends on the customs of the colonizers.

Baptists → A large native religion of the American Southeast = “American Calvinism” ​​At first, they were accepted by African Americans who were rejected by the main Protestantism and later appealed to white southerners during the Civil War as a symbol of pride regional (supports slavery, white supremacy, etc.). Permission to form broken churches but still identify as “Baptists.” Thus, a strong regional union of black and white Southerners, who did not migrate (due to industrial growth), maintains a relationship of “Baptists.”

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Catholics in the Southeast, Rust Belt Germans (some Catholics in the South) and Irish Catholics (mid 1800s) Industrialization, Stage 2 → Overpopulation, driven by lack of roads. Contrasting Potato Famine, early 1900s British abuse/expulsion Immigrants from southern and eastern Europe Poles, Italians, other Catholics (+ Russian Jews) Other cultures (see immigration notes) Why northern cities = industrial jobs Southwest US /US-Mexican near the border Origins from the Latin American Resource Region Farm workers, illegal immigration after World War II Latin America Step 2 How does this reflect the gravity model and Ravenstein’s law?

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Lutheran → Mid/Upper North Great Plains Germans and Vikings from North Germany introduced Lutheranism Cultural predictions attracted northern Europe to climates and farms similar to their homeland. RRs and State Govt. Chain migration occurred as independent farmers (mid to late 1800s) stayed with relatives. Lack of immigration remained strong During the great influx of European immigration (early 1900s), some new immigrants of various religions came to the northern Great Plains due to industrialization, urbanization, and/or lack of economic opportunity. The harsh physical environment (lack of water) discourages migration of people of other (non-Lutheran) religions.

Mormons → Great Basin, Western Desert, Utah Internal migration for religious freedom, to escape persecution Succeeded due to lack of migration Industrialization/urbanization Inhospitable Climate = dry/very dry desert.

Sikhism Baha’í Followers 23 million 7 million Origin Lahore, Pakistan Shiraz, Iran Distribution / Spread Clustering in Punjab, India Calendar holidays cover all continents Birth and death of the 10 Gurus (history) 19 months of 19 days Holy place / gold in Amritsar on Amritsar all continents to represent the nature of international houses of Temple worship. The main concept is open to followers of all religions with biblical texts from different religions (prophets/founders etc) Guru Nanak (CA AD) Monotheistic, combining Islamic equality with Hindu karmic values ​​The Pope (1844 AD) Creation of a universal religion. Alternative Beliefs = Different Views Of The One True God

Confucianism Kong Fuzi (551 – 479 BC) Do real relationships/methods provide consistent answers to big questions? Metaphysics of Buddhism Neo-Confucianism Daoism Laozi (604 – 531? BC) Finding a Way or Spiritual Borrowing of “Dao”.

Religion (part 1: Universalizing & Ethnic Religions)

100 million / 12% African Animism Living things/intelligence in nature Globalization Inter-religious competition leads to decline (50%) Animism in Africa Now: 46% Muslim Shinto Japanese Animism as state religion Promoted to king in former god (left after the Second World War) mixed with Buddhism

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Household “Holy Land”, Israel/Palestine, Founder of Jerusalem: Jesus Diaspora Judaism disperses Jews Roman Empire eventually becomes a separate religion St.

Roman Empire Moves to Europe Hierarchical Missionaries Transformation of Contagious “Pagan” Authorities Global Secondary Household Catholicism = Rome/Vatican City Orthodoxy = Constantinople/Istanbul Protestantism = Germany Reestablishment of Imperialism/Emigration Spread of Christianity

Places associated with the life of Christ Jerusalem Golgotha ​​​​​​​​(Calvary) Holy Sepulcher Via Dolorosa Gethsemane Bethlehem (Birth) Nazareth (Infants) Latter saints and “miracle” places Examples Lourdes, France Fatima, Portugal

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Influences on the area A long, central facade shows the influence of Orthodox culture = pointed domes Protestant Religions = easy availability of building materials.

Followers of about 1.3 billion, the two most important branches that grow the Sunnis (83%) are widely spread in the Middle East, North Africa, South and Southeast Asia, and the Shias or Shiites (16%) are distributed in Iran and southern Iraq, Azerbaijan and others. Must succeed after Muhammad basic tribes of Islamic faith = Five Pillars of Islam

Muhammad b. 570 AD to Mecca/Mecca ministry 610 AD to Hijrah 622 AD to Yathrib/Madinah 632 AD Mecca returned (died soon) Muhammad and first followers (Caliphs) Islam spread by conquest and spread by trade and other cultural interactions ( posted on the website See Reading. ) Example: Physically separated from the main Islamic community that spread through trade in 1200, Indonesia has the largest Muslim population in the world today (learn this)

Fifth Column = Hajj Pilgrimage to Mecca What is the effect of Hajj on the environment? Medina Muhammad’s Tomb Dome of the Rock Muhammad’s Night Journey to the Temple Mount

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Mosques Community centers Courtyards surrounded by buildings of various functions Pulpit facing Mecca Minarets Tower from which the muezzin calls to prayer Other distinguishing features Calligraphy Arabesques Strict calendar of months 30 years cycle 19 years = 354 days 11 years = 355 annual Holiday day

The Life of Buddha b. Full Enlightenment Reaches Lumbini Bodh Gaya “Nirvana” Deer Park 1st Interview d. Kushinagar is another 4 magical sites

Pagodas and Stupas Stupas, pagodas that mark sites of relics collected by Buddhist followers in South Asia, were developed from the concept of stupas, found in China and Japan.

900 million followers 97% Hindu Found in India and Nepal There are many forms of worship People choose the best form of worship Vaishnava (Vishnu) 70% Avatars (Krishna, Buddha, Jesus?, etc.) Shaivism ( Shiva) 26% Shaktism, protector and destroyer of ignorance (female helper of Vishnu/Shiva)

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Religion And Household Makeup Around The World

Although there is no clear origin for the earliest ideas introduced by the Aryans (Indo-European), archaeological evidence dates back to 2500 BC. First use of the word “Hinduism” = a ‘karmic’ religion from the 6th century BC mixed with the Dravidian Religion = a set of caste rules = social class Social mobility is limited, why? Discussion of sacred sites Riverside, beaches, mountains Most sacred rivers Ganges, Varanasi = Conditions for sightseeing Few temples due to tourism Overcrowding/pollution Hindus burn the dead = preservation of soil, no graves but burning strengthens wood.

100 million / 12% African Animism Factors leading to a decrease in competition with religions living in nature / General awareness (50%) Animism in Africa now: 46% Christian / 40% Muslim

1/3 USA, 1/3 Israel, 1/3 elsewhere 15% in Europe (90% before WWII) Early and widespread Abrahamic migration/Promised Land ↔ Monotheism Worship 10 lost tribes (Assyrians) / 2 tribes after (Babylonian) Tribe of Judah = The “Jewish” exile (after 70 AD by the Romans) makes a difference to the Jews that ethnic religions “regroup” because of the assumption of Israel = The movement of the Jewish world beginning in the late 1800s, and responding to the persecution.

In order to operate this website, we collect user data and share it with processors. In order to use this website, you must agree to our privacy policy, including the cookies policy. Religion: The division of the branches unites several local congregations into one legal and administrative body. Denomination: A small separate group. an established branch/organization heretic: one that does not agree with the teachings of the church: conflict arising from perceived differences between the divisions of a group of followers: a believer or a supporter.

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Generalization vs. national religions Often sacred places Calendar Spread of faith about the origin of the world Trying to appeal to everyone = trying to convert, they are connected to the founder’s life It appeals to a group that lives in a place bound by physical. Our environment includes all Pilgrimage = religious journeys to holy places A celebration of the life of the founder God creating nature / physical place Origin / real world, often tied to one founder A great celebration of the season God = nature includes physical events Ambiguity or unknown origin of the community, one founder, little spread, usually not tied to the geography of the area. It can spread by translocation

World Religions Unity of Nations

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