Islam Origin Year: Pre Islamic Arabia Dialect, Culture and Society

Aside from beliefs, Islam teaches practices such as prayer (salat), fasting during Ramadan and monetary honesty among other essential moral concepts such as honesty, respect for elders and family planning among others.

Hadaanallah.com – The Islamic calendar is lunar so it is different from other calendars used around the world today.

Each year in the Islamic calendar starts with a new lunar calendar month followed by twelve lunar months with thirty days each plus an extra day to accomodate leap years.

Although not used today, hudhud (a lunar phenomenon) still plays an important role in Muslim worship through its annual occurrence during Ramadan when it appears to act as a guide for prayer exigencies.

ISLAM IS BASED ON THE BELIEF IN ALLAH AND PLEDGE TO UPHOLD THE LAW OF GOD.

The word Allah translates to ‘God,’ although most Muslims believe in a supreme God.

Muslims believe that all humankind belongs to the same family since all life emanates from the same source; this core belief is called tawaatur.

The concept of oneness undergirds many other Islamic teachings, including peace, love and mutual support among all people.

For example: all human beings are brothers under Quranic law.

A Muslim’s duty toward his fellow man includes both spiritual and material support.

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Additionally, Muhammad taught that all things belong to Allah; this includes people and animals.

THE QURAN – WHICH IS INTERPRETED BY BELIEVERS OF ISLAM – TEACHES THAT EVERY HUMAN BEING HAS AN INNATE GOODNESS, THOUGH HUMANS CAN LOSE THEIR FAITH IN GOD AND REJECT PROPHECY.

This can lead to hatred, violence and cruelty toward others as they greedily cling to what they think they can achieve on their own.

Prophet Muhammad taught that humans have free will to accept or reject God’s guidance through His messengers.

If a person rejects divine guidance, he incurs no punishment since he has done so out of his free will- he cannot break his own will.

However, if a person accepts divine guidance, he will find redemption and eternal happiness on earth.

Islam is the dominant religion in the Middle East and Africa.

It is also the second-largest religion in the world after Christianity.

Many people in Asia and Europe also practice Islam.

Therefore, understanding Islam is essential for understanding these regions.

A brief definition of Islam is ‘submission to God.’ Muhammad is the central figure in Islam and is considered the 12th prophet of God.

He preached Islam to his community for many years before he received his first revelation from God.

Muhammad’s teachings are recorded in the Quran, which is interpreted by followers of Islam.

Although there are many similarities between Christianity and Islam (such as beliefs about Jesus), these religions have different origins with different founding prophets.

Some core beliefs are universal among all Muslims; including oneness with Allah, repentance, prayer, money honesty and respect for elders among others.

Essentially, practicing Islam makes people more socially conscious since it teaches peaceful conflict resolution and cooperation among different religions, nations and races alike under one religion- belief in one god Ayaol Allah.

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PROPHET MUHAMMAD LIVED DURING THE SEVENTH CENTURY C12H CV (622-632 AD), WHICH WAS LATER KNOWN AS HIJRA/IDD AL-FITR OR ‘THE FLIGHT OF NOON.’ ON THAT DAY, MUHAMMAD SAW HIS FIRST VISION FROM GOD- SUBSEQUENTLY REFERRED TO AS ‘THE DIVINE REVELATION.’ THROUGH THIS REVELATION, MUSLIMS BELIEVE MUHAMMAD ESTABLISHED ISLAM AS A RELIGION THROUGH WHICH PEOPLE CAN REPENT AND RETURN TO FAITH IN GOD- THIS CAN BE COMPARED TO CHRISTIANITY’S ROLE OF CONVERTING INDIVIDUALS BACK TO FAITH IN GOD THROUGH BAPTISM INTO A CHURCH (OR CONGREGATION).

Over 1 billion people around the world practice Islam today; they live primarily in the Middle East, Africa, Central Asia and various countries in Asia such as Indonesia and Pakistan.

THE HISTORY OF MUSLIMS IN INDIA BEGAN WITH THE ARRIVAL OF MUHAMMAD IN 622 CE.

After Muhammad’s death in 632 CE, a religious schism occurred between the Sunni and Shia branches of Islam.

According to the Quran, Muhammad inherited both branches when he died.

This disagreement led to further conflict among Muslim factions, which persisted for centuries after Muhammad’s death.

Over time, Muslim conquests led to the conversion of many people to their religion.

Many new mosques were built to accommodate the growing Muslim population in India.

Although India was not one of the Arab provinces during the seventh century CE, many Arab traders and soldiers arrived in India during the eighth and ninth centuries.

They brought with them knowledge and culture from Arabia, including architecture, art, and music.

Over time, Indians assimilated these Arab traditions into their own customs and culture.

As India becomes an economic power, its Muslims face discrimination because they are a minority group.

For example: Muzzling of free speech among Indian Muslims has led to increased extremism among them since they cannot openly criticize other Muslims either.

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Therefore they support fringe groups that promote violence against other Indian Muslims instead- perpetuating an already hostile atmosphere for them among mainstream Indians and Sikhs alike.

Some Indian states have enacted laws against conversions away from Hinduism or Islam to increase government control over these religions among their citizens.

This affects the everyday life of Indian Muslims since they cannot freely practice their religion without violating someone else’s laws or customs.

MANY MUSLIM HEROES CONTRIBUTED TO INDIAN INDEPENDENCE FROM ENGLAND.

For example: Maulana Abul Kalam Rahmatullah remained a non-violent activist even after imprisonment by British authorities for 13 years.

He also helped form the All-India Muslim League in 1906 as a platform for Indian Muslims to voice their political aspirations.

Additionally, Chaudhary Lakhsyat Ali founded the Congress Party as an Indian participant in World War I on behalf of Indian independence from Great Britain.

When Mahatma Gandhi initiated nonviolent protest against British rule in 1917, he gained support from many Indian Muslims through his efforts to end colonial rule by muscle power alone.

Pakistan separated from India in 1947 with a majority of Muslim population; however, India’s partition caused its Muslims to flee to Pakistan while leaving Hindu minorities behind.

In recent years, terrorist attacks against Indian Muslims have claimed many lives.

INDIA IS A COUNTRY WITH VARIED RELIGIONS AND CULTURES.

Although Hindus make up the largest religious group, Muslims make up the second largest community.

Muslims in India numbered 300 million as of 2014.

They lived mostly in the eastern and northern regions of the country.

Most Muslims are from India’s rural areas, where living stSistards are low.

India has a history of religious tolerance, and its constitution guarantees religious freedom for all citizens.

However, some Indian states have enacted anti-Islamic laws that affect the community’s daily life.

Despite living under religious freedom laws, some Muslim minorities experience increased discrimination because they are a minority group in India and contribute economically to the country.

They also fought alongside other Indians during World Wars I

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