What Is The Family Structure In Iran Pre Islamic Revolution

What Is The Family Structure In Iran Pre Islamic Revolution – The Islamic Revolution of 1979 brought seismic changes in Iran, and not just for women. One of the areas under investigation is the way women dress and wear their hair – the aging king banned the headscarf in the 1930s and ordered the police to forcibly remove it. But in the early 1980s, new Islamic authorities introduced a mandatory dress code that required all women to wear the hijab.

Here are some photos that show how the life of Iranian women was before the establishment of the spiritual authority and how it has changed since then.

What Is The Family Structure In Iran Pre Islamic Revolution

Studying at the University of Tehran in 1977: Although many women were already in higher education at the time of the revolution, the following years saw a significant increase in university attendance. This was partly because the authorities were able to persuade conservative rural families to educate their daughters outside the home.

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Baroness Hale Afshor, professor of women’s studies at York University, who grew up in Iran in the 1960s, said: “They tried to stop women from going to university, but there was such a backlash that they had to to bring them back in.”

“Some educated people left Iran and the authorities realized that they need to train men and women to run the country.

Window shopping in Tehran in 1976: Before the revolution, headscarves were widely worn, but many women also chose to wear Western-style clothing, including skinny jeans, miniskirts, and short-sleeved blouses. “Shoes don’t change – and the passion for shoes is in all of us!” The professor said: “Women in Iran are no different from women in the rest of the world, and buying and selling is just a way to escape the daily pressure of women.” Afshar.

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Picnic in Tehran in 1976: Family and friends usually gather on Fridays, which are holidays in Iran. “Picnics are an important part of Iranian culture and are very popular among the middle class. This has not changed after the revolution. The difference is that nowadays men and women who live together have more self-awareness and refrain from interacting. – said Professor Afshor.

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Professor Afshar, a barber in Tehran in 1977: “It’s a sight you wouldn’t expect in Iran anymore, but even after the Islamic revolution there were barbers.” “You don’t see a man in a barbershop these days – and women wearing their hair when they go out the door.”

Guards surround the Shah in 1971: A young woman accosts Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (right) at a lavish party marking the 2,500th anniversary of the Persian monarchy – decrying extravagance by his leftist opposition and clerics. Professor Afshor explained: “By this time, chess was already widely disliked, and some believe that this image of excess and indulgence may have contributed to the events that led to the revolution eight years later.”

Professor Afshar on a snowy street in Tehran in 1976: “You can’t stop a woman from walking down the streets of Iran, but you won’t see her today – her earrings and makeup are on full display.” “In Iran, there’s this concept of ‘modesty’ – so today, women walking down the street might be wearing knee-length dresses and headscarves.”

Women protest against the hijab in 1979: Shortly after taking power, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Iran’s new supreme leader, ordered that all women, regardless of religion or nationality, must wear the headscarf. On March 8 – International Women’s Day, thousands of women from all walks of life protested against the law.

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Protests outside the US Embassy in Tehran in 1979: Student revolutionaries took dozens of US embassy staff hostage as thousands of anti-US protesters rallied.

Professor Afshor said: “At that time it was common to see all kinds of people in the absolute hatred of the US for the US in Iran as an ally.” “The Americans and the British have a long history in Iran of trying to influence and take over Iran’s oil, so this deep mistrust of the US and Britain goes back many years.”

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A family attends Friday prayers in 1980: “Friday prayers are a time when believers or supporters of Islamic authorities who do not want to be labeled as dissidents gather – it’s a moment of solidarity,” Professor Afshor said. “But they are still under men. Women are not allowed in the same room as men – they sit in a separate prayer area, away from men.”

Shopping for a wedding dress in Tehran in 1986: “The wedding dresses on display were all Western – Iranian women basically wore whatever they wanted as long as they were behind closed doors,” explains Professor Afshor. “Weddings and parties should be separate, so it doesn’t matter what to wear if there are only female guests. But there are mixed-sex parties that still go on – some hire door guards, others pay the local police to keep an eye out.”

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Walking in Tehran in 2005: Not all women in Iran choose to wear the black chador, a garment that covers the body from head to toe, leaving only the face exposed. Many prefer to wear scarves and loose shirts. “The real question is how far do you push your scarf?” Professor Afshor said: “Women have their own resistance and often try to push their headscarves as far as possible.”

A beach on the Caspian Sea in 2005: Iranian women are prohibited from bathing in public places in bathing suits. “Men and women are not supposed to swim together, but they find a way to hire a boat to take them out to sea where they can swim side by side,” Professor Afshor said.

Tehran Hijab March 2006: More than 25 years after the revolution, women who support opponents of the hijab hold a rally in Tehran to protest the authorities’ failure to enforce mandatory hijab laws. Here women wear black umbrellas except for one girl.

Watching football from a mall in Tehran in 2008: Although women have never been officially banned from watching men’s football matches in Iran, they are often barred from entering stadiums and some who try are arrested. Before the revolution, women were allowed to participate in sports events. Two intersecting lines form an “X”. Shows how to block communication or reject notifications.

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25 pictures show that Iran became an Islamic republic before the 1979 revolution

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In the decades before the Islamic Revolution of 1979, Iran was ruled by the Shah, whose dictator suppressed dissent and restricted political freedom.

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During the reign of the Shah, Iran’s economy and educational opportunities flourished. Britain and the United States considered Iran to be their main partner in the Middle East, and the Shah was forcibly industrializing a large part of this country.

But the king’s autocratic actions and eventual rejection of multi-party rule set the stage for a popular revolution.

However, for nearly 40 years, the Shah led Iran through a series of major changes.

Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, his wife Queen Fawzia and baby Queen Shahnaz in their palace near Tehran, Iran, 1942. A.P.

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Due to the fact that Iran is rich in oil, is close to India, and shares a border with the Soviet Union, England and the United States fully supported the Iranian government.

This is the White Palace of the Shah of Iran in Sadabad, Tehran, as it was seen in August 1953, after the government’s invasion. King Muhammad Reza Pahlavi returned to power on August 22 when his supporters overthrew Prime Minister Muhammad Mosaddiq, who had forced the king to flee days earlier. AP

In 1953, the Shah was forced to leave Iran after a Western-backed coup to overthrow Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadiq. In the second coup, Mosaddiq, who wanted to nationalize Iran’s oil industry, worried England and the king returned to the country.

Pedestrians and cars cross a major intersection in Tehran, Iran, on April 20, 1946. Lalezar Avenue runs from the center of the photo to the north, while Istanbul Avenue runs from left to right. AP Photo/Tom Fitzsimons

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